Educational Academic Research
Research Article

Computer Science Unplugged Studies in Türkiye: A Systematic Literature Review


Erciyes Üniversitesi, Uzaktan Eğitim Araştırma ve Uygulama Merkezi, Kayseri, Türkiye


Kırşehir Ahievran Üniversitesi, Eğitim Fakültesi, Eğitim Bilimleri Bölümü, Kırşehir, Türkiye

Educational Academic Research 2023; 50: 47-59
DOI: 10.5152/AUJKKEF.2023.22008
Read: 591 Downloads: 216 Published: 20 July 2023

With the increase in the use of technology in the twenty-first century, the need for manpower with programming skills is also increasing. This need increases the importance of coding education day by day. With the increase in the importance of coding education, computer science unplugged activities, which are activity-based methods, have been frequently discussed in the literature in recent years. It has been seen that many studies have been carried out on the subject by showing its effect in the national scope. In this research, a systematic literature review was conducted with the aim of examining the studies based on computer science unplugged activities in Turkey from different perspectives. The study is a document review research, and a descriptive content analysis was used. Twelve articles, 3 conference papers, and 18 theses were included in the study by examining the databases and taking into account the elimination–inclusion criteria. The results were reported by examining the questions about the years, research trends, sample groups, methods, types of computer science unplugged activities used, results, and recommendations of the studies. According to the results of the study, studies on computer science unplugged activities were mostly conducted between 2019 and 2020 and mostly discussed the themes of coding and algorithm instruction and computational thinking skills. The sample groups mostly consisted of primary school students, especially sixth-grade students. Although the number of qualitative studies was high, qualitative and quantitative methods were used at a similar rate due to the predominance of the quantitative dimension in mixed-method studies, and experimental designs were mostly used as a research model, and most of the studies were interventional research. Further, paper–pencil-type activities were frequently preferred. In addition, according to the results of studies, it was frequently found that students’ interest and motivation increased, they improved on coding and algorithms, they contributed to active participation in the lesson and learning process, and they had positive effects on the development of computational thinking skills and thinking skills. According to the recommendations of the studies, the most emphasized issues were diversifying the computer science unplugged activities, producing new ones and adapting them to our culture if necessary, using them in different grades and lessons, paying attention to the needs and characteristics of the student groups and principles of instructional design, and providing in-service training to teachers in computer science unplugged. Considering the results, we give recommendations for the implementation of computer science unplugged activities and for future researches.

Cite this article as: Çavdar, L., & Ömer Beydoğan, H. (2023). Türkiye’de yapılan bilgisayarsız bilgisayar bilimi (B³) araştırmaları: Bir sistematik alanyazın taraması. Educational Academic Research, 50, 47-59.

EISSN 2822-3535